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tv   BBC News  BBC News  November 23, 2023 11:00am-11:31am GMT

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promised to slash immigration. celebrations for the anti—immigrant politician geert wilders, his freedom party is the biggest winner in the netherlands election is. —— elections. hello, i'm anna foster, live in tel aviv. we begin with the war in gaza — and a delay of at least a day in the agreement struck between israel and hamas, which would have seen a four—day pause in the fighting. under the agreement, hamas would exchange 50 israeli hostages, taken during the 7th of october attack, for 150 palestinian women and children held in israeli jails. israel says it still expects that to happen — but not before friday — and there will be a similar delay to the temporary halt in hostilities. hamas says there are still details
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to be finalised regarding the list of people to be exchanged. for now, the fighting continues — there was a series of explosions in gaza through the night. israel's prime minister benjamin netanyahu says his country will continue to fight hamas until absolute victory is achieved. aid agencies are extremely concerned about the humanitarian situation in gaza. some trucks carrying supplies have been able to cross into the territory this week. but pictures like these — with people struggling to secure bottles of water in gaza — highlight how difficult conditions there are. also today, a doctorfrom gaza's largest hospital, al—shifa hospital, have told the bbc that israel have arrested the hospital's director, detained while patients were being evacuated from the hospital. israel
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have not commented on the reported arrest. israel say that hamas were running a large command centre from beneath that hospital. the uk foreign secretary is in israel today. he said he wanted to see for himself the horrific nature of the attacks suffered on the 7th of october, and he has meetings scheduled today later with israeli and palestinian politicians, as well as with families. i and palestinian politicians, as well as with families.— as with families. i hope to see this humanitarian _ as with families. i hope to see this humanitarian pause, _ as with families. i hope to see this humanitarian pause, it— as with families. i hope to see this humanitarian pause, it is- as with families. i hope to see this humanitarian pause, it is an - humanitarian pause, it is an opportunity to get hostages out and get a in, and i opportunity to get hostages out and geta in, and i hope and would urge everyone involved in that agreement that it happens, i think it is important. —— aid in. that it happens, i think it is important. -- aid in.- that it happens, i think it is important. -- aid in. this square in telaviv has— important. -- aid in. this square in tel aviv has become _ important. -- aid in. this square in tel aviv has become synonymous l important. -- aid in. this square in i tel aviv has become synonymous with hostages and the battle to bring them back from the captivity in
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gaza. they are holding up the names of family members and friends, and you can hear people chanting, bring them home here in the square. you can hear people chanting, bring them home here in the square. we begin our coverage with this report from our middle east correspondent yolande knell injerusalem — a warning, it does include some distressing images. the continuing anguish. this was the day some israeli hostage families had hoped to see their loved ones again. but late last night there was news of a 24—hour delay, also affecting the release of palestinian prisoners. israeli reports say hamas and qatar, which is mediating, haven't yet signed the truce deal. children are supposed to be among the first israelis freed. hadas kalderon desperately wants her son and daughter back. they were snatched with her ex—husband on the 7th of october. i just want to hug my children, to kiss them, to protect them, to promise them that it will never happen again. that's all i want. i don't care about nothing. because my life has been broken apart. my life won't ever
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be the same again. and their life won't be the same. camping on the street, and crammed into public shelters like this un school, in gaza the wait also continues for a promised four—day truce. without enough food to go around, a pause is meant to clear a path for hundreds of lorries carrying goods, fuel and medical supplies. even then aid agencies have been warning much more needs to be done. and palestinians living amid the destruction are wary about any pause in fighting. "what use is this truce? people are being displaced either way. what benefit do we get?" asks omo ramy. "we want a complete ceasefire. we want a truce to stop the bloodshed. our children are lost." gaza keeps burying its dead, with more than 100 bodies in this mass grave.
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the coming days may bring quiet, but israel and hamas have said afterwards the war will resume. translation: i want to be clear. the war is continuing. we will continue it until we achieve all our goals of returning all our abductees, eliminating hamas, and guaranteeing after hamas, gaza is not to be controlled by a party that supports terrorism. and for now the bombardment of besieged gaza goes on, as it has for nearly seven weeks. both sides are standing by to see if a deal will hold up and bring different scenes tomorrow. yolande knell, bbc news, jerusalem. early officials had told the bbc they are still hopeful the deal will happen in the next 24—hours and we will see the return of hostages.
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i've been speaking to lieutenant colonel peter lerner, a spokesperson for the israel defense forces. i asked him when the pause in fighting would take place. we are in a continued state of combat today, this morning, as it continues, once we receive the instruction from the government to hold our fire, we will do so. we've not received that instruction as yet, and that is basically the situation that i can report this morning. i think it's important to note, yes, we continue our strikes against hamas wherever they are hiding. this is a brutal, merciless terrorist organisation that needs to be...the paradigm of their existence needs to change. we need to make sure they never wield the sword of death above our heads ever again. and when that cease fire does happen, it's a four—day pause in hostilities, we're told. what would that look like from the idf�*s perspective? what will you be doing and not be doing during that time? i think it's important to understand that we have a very, i would say, questionable history with hamas and ceasefires. they never seem to hold their fire.
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so we will be in defensive positions, holding our positions, making sure that we are well defended, well protected, but also very vigilant in case any attacks originate from hamas, from the gaza strip, whether it's rockets or attacks against the forces on the ground. this is the reality we expect. as i said, unfortunately, we have bad experience with them. i would highlight that they have an interest — the prisoners, the convicted criminals and terrorists that are expected to be released in this framework — they have an interest to maintain their fire. unfortunately, i don't know what level of control they have over all of theirforces. and i'd be very, very cautious in taking anything they say for more than face value. i really don't trust them. i also discussed that a little further with him during that interview, about what the level of
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engagement maybe before israeli forces actually decided to break that ceasefire agreement. it was an important point of debate because we are led to believe this will be a four day ceasefire, but he was saying if israeli forces come under attack, the situation may change quickly. people in israel are still waiting to hear not so much the details of that agreement but when it may come into force, it was supposed to happen today but now we are told it won't happen to until tomorrow at the earliest. i've been speaking to professor hagai levine, head of the medical team at the hostages and missing families forum. he talked a little more about what kind of help and medical attention those hostages will need when they are hopefully released. it is uncharted water. you know, they are children of ten months old, or a child who is three years old who saw both her parents murdered. how do you start the
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recovery process for her? it is very, very complex. and imagine just the complexity that, from the hamas maybe to somebody else in hamas and then the red cross, and then to the physicians of the idf, then to the hospitals and then to the community... such a complex process with just to get back to being human. because they didn't have any control, these innocent people, when they were abducted and there were in captivity, so now just think about the food. and obviously you need prioritisation. some may have severe medical problems that need to be cured first. some of them had chronic diseases that were not treated properly or injuries that weren't treated properly. so you need to look and see. we set the principles to be professional, to be patient — not at once — and to be personal. each one of them will need tailor—made solutions for him
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or her, and look at the family — the families that is maybe released, and the larger family, those that have been waiting. and we at the families forum are supporting the families at these difficult hours, even release is difficult hours, because it is an emotional roller—coaster. we will be there with our resilient medical teams of volunteers, i have been here for six weeks now. and we will also be with the other families. because we should remember, most of the hostages are not going to be released, probably, unfortunately, this week. and the hostages need care and it is mandatory. all hostages will receive red cross visits and medical care and signs of life, this is essential! and the other families of other hostages, we will be with them all the time in their homes, in the square, in the
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family forums centre. they are happy for the others but it is still difficult for them and have their own thoughts, what is going on about their loved ones. that is just one part of this deal. the release of palestinian prisoners, the israelis being held hostage. we're also told an increase in humanitarian aid will be into gaza. it is insufficient given the scale of humanitarian catastrophe on the ground in gaza right now. i spoke to some of my staff in gaza, all of whom have fled their homes in recent weeks and they told me the first two
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things people in gaza wants to do when the fighting breaks is to firstly check on their families and see who is alive. the horrific truth is that nobody knows even inside their own family who remains alive and that has been hindering things and that has been hindering things and making things much worse because the communication systems have been switched off. the first thing they want to do is see their family, who is still alive, and secondly to recover their dead. the devastation, with over half of homes damaged or destroyed, 6000 children killed, means that there are still many people under the rubble that nobody has been able to reach. the truth is that the scale of the numbers of dead people lying under the rubble, it won't be possible to recover all of those people in just four days. it is important they are recovered so they can have some dignity and so families can properly bury them. ideally not in mass graves, which
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are horrifying spectre we have seen in gaza in recent weeks. it also matters for the perspective of disease control among the population. we also need massive amounts of aid into gaza, food, water, medicalsupplies, huge water, medical supplies, huge amounts water, medicalsupplies, huge amounts of fuel city sewage systems and water systems can run. it is really important aid can reach the population in the north of gaza. there are many hundreds of thousands of civilians remaining there and there are hundreds of patients still in hospital, elderly people that cannot fully come including the parents of one of my own staff. those people have been denied food, water, medicalsupplies, those people have been denied food, water, medical supplies, fuel in recent weeks and it is essential it can reach them during this pause. briefly, melanie, we talked a lot when the rafah crossing opened in a limited way and allowed injured and premature babies to cross into
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egypt. is that still going on on a regular basis? are they allowed to leave for medical treatment? sometimes people can leave, we do not know from one day to the next if that can happen. what is clear is we cannot evacuate all of the injured from gaza. there are 33,000 people that had been injured, the majority women and children and are only six hospitals in gaza that continue to function. what we need is to get those hospitals, all of them across gaza, back on their feet, they need medical supplies and to be safe. there will be some field hospitals as well but we must be able to support the existing health system. the other thing we need is this cannotjust be a four day pause, we need huge amounts of diplomacy from world leaders across the globe to make this a lasting ceasefire. hopefully the parties are shown here they are able to negotiate, we cannot see a return to the indiscriminate killing that has happened in the last few weeks,
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hurting so many civilians, the majority women and children. we need our politicians to step up, but politics first and make sure they can make this a lasting ceasefire. earlier i spoke to our security correspondent frank gardner and asked him what the arab leaders' response had been to israel agreeing a hostage deal with hamas. i was lucky enough yesterday to go to a roundtable meeting of arab and islamic foreign ministers in london and they had been in beijing and went on to france, they are touring the world. they are essentially pressing notjust for a temporary but a complete ceasefire. they do not want the water resume at the end of this four or five day truce. they were pretty united in their views that these were the foreign ministers of saudi arabia, egypt, palestinian territories, indonesia, nigeria and jordan. they said, they said that israel, they were clear
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that they condemned the horrific hamas attacks on october seven, but they said israel is going about it they said israel is going about it the wrong way, that you just have the wrong way, that you just have the security approach to gaza, you are simply going to be kicking the problem further down the line. there has got to be a longer—term solution. around the world and across the uk, this is bbc news. let's look at some other stories making news in the uk. household energy prices will rise injanuary, putting more financial pressure on billpayers at the coldest time of year. energy regulator ofgem said the typical annual household bill would go up by £94, or 5%. it said the rise in bills would be worrying at a difficult time for many people, but was the result of higher wholesale costs faced by suppliers. the car manufacturer nissan is expected to announce on friday
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that the electric versions of the qashqai and thejuke are to be made at their sunderland plant. the plant currently employs around 6,000 staff to build petrol versions of the two cars, as well as the electric leaf. families will be £1,900 poorer at the end of this parliament compared with the beginning, according to the think tank the resolution foundation. it said this government would set a "grim" new record for living standards going down. but chancellorjeremy hunt said the tax cuts announced in the autumn statement would put more money in people's pockets. you are live with bbc news. the office for national statistics this morning published the latest figures on net migration. let's take a look at these figures. uk net migration was 672,000 in the year tojune 2023. this number is slightly higher compared to the year tojune 2022. however, it is down on updated estimates from the office of national statistics. net migration is the number of people arriving in the uk minus those who left.
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let's get more on the latest net migration figures for the uk — earlier i spoke to the director of migration statistics at the office for national statistics about their findings. our latest figures forjune 23 are 672,000, which is the highest level that we've seen recently. and so, those numbers, they have gone up since last year, injune 2022, but they're actually lower than our december 22 estimates. but it's really important that we understand the context that these numbers are in. so, before the pandemic, migration patterns were relatively stable, we saw a lot more people coming from the eu. whereas, since the pandemic, we've seen behaviours changing and we're seeing more people coming from the non—eu to study, to work and they seem to be staying for longer and they're bringing their dependants with them. i'm more than happy to go into more detail on that. yeah, please do — just explain them to us. there was some speculation, some thought the numbers could hit 745,000.
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and while they're up from 607,000 in the previous 12 months to 672,000, where are those coming from? because the numbers were up last year in part to the ukraine war, weren't they? yes. as i say, we've seen lots of changes since the pandemic. and ukraine and people coming from british nationals overseas was a big driver after the pandemic. but we're now seeing that start to shift. so for immigration, we saw 1.2 million people come to the country, and just under a million of those came from non—eu countries. and we saw around 380,000 of those came to study with their dependants and around 330,000 of those came for work reasons. whereas now we're seeing around 80,000 coming for humanitarian reasons and around 90,000 are coming to claim asylum. and what proportion of those, as we know, the government has their �*stop the boat�* strategy,
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what proportion of those are coming via channel crossings trying to get into this country illegally? so we don't include illegal migration per se, but we do include asylum seekers. and so those that come on small boats, around 90% of them, according to home office figures, claim asylum. so we can see that injune �*22, the numbers claiming asylum was around 75,000 and injune �*23, around 90,000 have claimed asylum. so they're on the increase? the numbers have gone up since last year. yeah. and what can you tell us about...? i mean, i don't know if you can, about sort of government strategy and perhaps how it's impacting on these figures? so, i can't talk about government policy, but i can talk about what we can see in the figures. so we are seeing more coming from non—eu countries, we are seeing more coming for study and work and we're also seeing them stay for longer. so...and bringing their dependants with them. as i say, i can't comment on government policy. right. and what can you tell us in terms of sort
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of predictions going forward? or do you only look at what's happened in the past year? you can't sort of analyse what could be happening next? so, we don't necessarily look to the future. but what we do do is we look at the i2—month definition of a migrant. so when we produce our most recent figures, we have to make assumptions based on past behaviour. and that's why we've been looking back to see how behaviour is changing, so we can see that people are staying longer, students that are coming, we're seeing more transition onto work visas, possibly as a consequence of the new graduate routes. and we're seeing workers stay for longer as well. so what we are seeing is a slowing in immigration and an increase in emigration. and we do know from past experience that when you've got high levels of immigration, particularly from students, you often then see emigration begin to rise. with these change in behaviors, it's really difficult to predict what will happen in the future. let us get the political reaction.
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damian, these numbers are significant because the conservative government committed some five years ago to get those migration figures down, so what have they had to say? they did notjust commit to get the figures down, but to get them down from the point where they were five years ago, and at that point they were roughly a quarter of a million people arriving every year. the manifesto promise from the conservatives in 2019 to see that quarter million reducing, it has almost tripled, and of course it has gone up from 2022 — 2023, rishi sunak had been accused of weakening that promise. he said that he wanted to see them coming down but implied by that, from the point by which he took over, at which point they were already a quarter of a million coming in. interestingly, what we
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have heard today is, from the cabinets james cleverly, now home secretary, he is saying that this is in line with their own immigration statistics. he says the government remains completely committed to reducing levels of immigration but thatis reducing levels of immigration but that is only addressing that rishi sunak pledge not going back to the original one at the beginning of parliament. so not wanting to go further than that. thenjames cleverley pivots to illegal immigration and the policy to stop the boats and why that is important. but of course there we know that that policy is bogged down because the court deemed it illegal and the government is trying to revise it. dutch political leaders are preparing for negotiations to form a coalition government,
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after the far right pvv — or freedom party — pulled off a surprise election victory. no party won a majority, but the pvv�*s controversial leader, geerd wilders, may now lead negotiations. he stood on a platform of ending immigration and banning the quran. the pvv is likely to win about 37 of the 150 seats. several other parties have said they won't enter a coalition with mr wilders, but he's said he'll make compromises to find willing partners. he says the people want him to be prime minister. translation: the voters have spoken. the voters are determined that the pvv will become the largest party by far. it would be very undemocratic, and so i assume that it will not happen, that voters will be sidelined. voters wouldn't accept that either. they'd find it terrible. i think we need to see where the common ground is and then we need to do business with each other. because we have to help the netherlands move forwards. the hope of so many people is that things must change in the netherlands, that the influx of asylum seekers will be limited,
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that ordinary dutch people will have more money in their pockets again, that homes will go back to the dutch, that the dutch will be put in the first place again. that is it from me. stay with us here on bbc news. we will have the top business stories and the sport headlines very shortly. hello. pretty wild and windy day across parts of scotland today, but it's here we see the first big signs of weather change. yesterday on the moray coast, the north—east, temperatures reached 15, incredibly mild for this stage in november. just 7 degrees this afternoon. temperatures actually dropping through the day. and tomorrow there will be an added wind chill with it. it's this cold air, a pool of cold arctic air which is pushing southwards to all of us as we go through tonight and into tomorrow. also affecting a good part of europe as well. but it's really confined to the northern half of the uk for today. just to the north of this
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bank of cloud and rain affecting northern ireland, parts of northern england through this afternoon. sunshine and a scattering of showers to the north of that, but temperatures actually dropping through the day with winds at 50, 60 miles an hour towards the far north—east with showers turning wintry over higher ground. mild but brighter in the south with some broken cloud. but here we will see some patchy rain and drizzle during the first half of tonight, gradually becoming confined to cornwall, the isles of scilly and the channel islands. still reasonably mild here but elsewhere a much colder night tonight, temperatures barely above freezing in parts of scotland and northern england. so, a chillier start to tomorrow morning. showers in the north of scotland, snow even to lower levels for a time, and those strong winds continue. elsewhere, we'll see a lot more sunshine compared to today. a bit more cloud in northern ireland through to parts of wales, running down into the west midlands. could produce the odd light rain shower, but most places will be dry with sunny spells, much colder than we have been used to, though, single figure temperatures and an added wind chill in the north and east making it feel closer to freezing, particularly across parts of north—east scotland. then as we go through to friday night and saturday morning, still strong winds down the eastern coast, stopping temperatures from dropping much here, but further west, lighter winds,
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clearer skies and a widespread frost to start saturday. but whilst it will be a frosty start to saturday it will be a dry, sunny and crisp one. light winds for many areas, still a bit windy down eastern coasts and the chance of one or two rain showers. most, though, will be dry. again, temperatures widely into single figures. noticing that chill compared to what we've had of late, but the upside is you'll have a bit more sunshine. that will lead into some frost and fog patches to take us through saturday night and sunday morning. but sunday, a cold day, but a cloudier one. outbreaks of rain pushing on across the western half of the country, maybe making it across some southern counties too, and temperatures struggling to rise. take care.
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more concern over crypto. customers pull a billion dollars from the binance exchange after its boss pleads guilty to money laundering. and turki's central bank raises interest rates to 40% to battle soaring prices.
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the cost of staying alive. how doctors in india are taking on big pharma to make cancer treatment affordable. we will have that special report for you a little later from india looking at the cost of cancer treatment from there. welcome to world business report. let's begin in the us — and the future of the world's largest cryptocurrency exchange binance. its founder and chief executive, changpeng zhao, known as cz, could be facing jail time after pleading guilty to federal money laundering charges. the company has been hit by a record fine of more than $4 billion and since the news broke, many customers of binance have been withdrawing their money from the exchange — as erin delmore reports. first�*s customers are absorbing the news and pulling their funds. it has seen outflows of around $1 billion in the last 24 hours. that is on the heels of news that its founder and

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